Vir is one of 300 islands of Zadar archipelago, one of 1186 islands and reefs in the Croatian Adriatic. It lies in the Sea of Vir in the northwestern part of Dalmatia. Twentieth in size among Croatian islands, and the eighth in the Zadar archipelago. It has a surface of 22.38 km, length of 10.12 km and a maximum width of 4.25 km. The coast line is 31.43 kilometers.
Vir is from Zadar 26 km away, and the sea (from the pier) about 15 miles. The land is connected via Privlaka draft harbor bridge in 1976. year, which Vir has become an integral part of the mainland. In the eastern part of Gaza lies Islet, covered with pine forests and long sandy beaches, which makes specialty. The islet has until recently been connected by road and thereby becoming at low tide was its integral part.
The island of Vir is in the historical documents first mentioned 1069th in the Charter of King Petar Kresimir IV, known as the Mare Nostrum Dalmatikum (written in the presence of King Petar Kresimir IV in the Great Nin) which “our own (royal) island that extends our Dalmatian (Croatian) coast, and called Maun, where the eastern side of the island Stere, who was in the Croatian language is called Vir, “gives the monastery Sv. Grisogono in Zadar. In the above-mentioned Charter Vir Ueru name is mentioned, or Vera, which scientists speculate staromediteransko origin, meaning pasture.
The position of the island of Vir in the center of the Adriatic and links with the mainland (the island that is no longer an island), indented coast and extremely healthy Mediterranean climate are significant preconditions and advantages of this island in tourism development. Air characteristics are of great importance for the population and the appearance of an area. Source is one of the real area of the Mediterranean. Number of hours of sunshine per year is 2450, almost 300 days of sunshine, making it a pleasant destination and out of season. The average rainfall is around 1000 mm, distributed unevenly, so that in summer there are an average of 5-6 days when rain occurs, and during the peak season this number is decreasing. The winds are the most important characteristic of air source.
Prevailing winter winds of the northern quadrant, and Tramontana. In the fall and winter are common south and Levanat. In the spring occurs mistral, which is the main and refreshing wind west quadrant in the summer. Mistral relieves summer temperatures and creates good conditions for sailing and surfing. The average temperature on the island is just over 15 ° C and the mean temperature in July is about 25 ° C, while temperatures in January and is 6.5 ° C. The above healthy climate certainly affects the health and length of life of residents. Sources indented coastline adorned mostly sand and shingle beach, partly situated near pine forest with crystal clear water, making this island a perfect place for a family vacation. Close to two, north and south must provide the possibility of pleasant bathing and with summer winds. To the south to the north, a barrel on the southern beaches. Rocky coast in the northwestern part of the island, which is rich in flora and fauna, make attractive diving area for lovers of the sea depths. Numerous bays and inlets with piers enable landing sailors on their way to a chain of 300 islands and islets, including the National Park. In addition to swimming, surfing, sailing, riding on scooters and other water sports, hiking enthusiasts can from the top Bandire (112m) to admire the beautiful panorama depicting the entire Vir, nearby islands and Velebit (1750m). Those who know the mountain-biking warmly recommend this area for this sport. On some Vir beaches, especially in the Bay Sapavac, near the Venetian fortress – Kaštelina, the mud for treating rheumatic diseases, to which we refer mature age.
Because of its location on the Croatian Adriatic Vir is a suitable place for excursion, eg. In the national parks: Paklenica with its impressive canyons, the Kornati islands with 200 islands and islets, Krka and Plitvice Lakes. In the immediate vicinity of the ancient town of Nin with the smallest cathedral in the world – St. The cross, and the 3000 years old Zadar with many historical monuments.